Hypothyroidism 101

thyroidDo you lack the energy to get through the day,? Have you put on a few  not been overeating? Has your voice been slowly weakening?  Does the cold weather ? If you answered “yes” to any of these questions, it is very possible that you have the early symptoms of hypothyroidism, also known as under-active thyroid disease.

What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a fairly common disorder in which the thyroid gland under produces the thyroid hormone. These hormones are produced and scattered all across your body. They help regulate your metabolism and energy levels. Low levels of thyroid hormones can affect your entire body. It starts with energy loss, but may lead to more serious problems in the future if left untreated.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Symptoms can be difficult to identify because they snowball over time. The more serious, long-lasting problems may include some of the following:
  • Depression38153221_l
  • Anxiety
  • Eczema
  • Skin Rashes
  • Constipation and Digestion Problems
  • Fatigue
  • Weight Gain
  • Menstruation Problems
  • Temperature Sensitivity
  • 32558857_lLowered Heart Rate
  • Goiter Growth (Also partially due to iodine deficiency)
  • Carpal Tunnel
  • Arthritis
  • Drowsiness
  • Decreased Muscle Mass
  • Difficulty Maintaining Proper Eating Habits
  • Swollen Tongue
  • Jaundice

Some conditions, like jaundice, may be very serious, especially if they are present in young children. Many of these symptoms can be related to other problems. Your doctor will need to order a blood test to determine if it’s hypothyroidism.


Hypothyroidism is most frequently caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. This is an autoimmune disorder where your body produces antibodies that assault the thyroid gland. Over time, thyroid hormone production gradually decreases.

There are a variety of other causes, which include iodine insufficiency, thyroid surgery, some psychiatric and cancer medications, radiation therapy, and more. Anything that affects your iodine level, like radioactive iodine treatments, can reduce hormone production because iodine is used to create the chemicals.

Hypothyroidism Treatment

If you have developed hypothyroidism, you will need medication to elevate your iodine levels to speed up hormone production. In the meantime, you will likely be prescribed a synthetic hormone. The medication you take will depend on whether you are taking other medications, which can sometimes interfere with the synthetic hormones. Luckily, hypothyroidism may be easily treated, but you will need to work with your doctor to ensure your hormone levels remain normal long-term.

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By WHBlogger 

Updated: 1/18/19

Instructions and Disclaimer: The content on this website is designed for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for informed medical advice or care. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any health problems or illnesses. Always consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you might have regarding your health. 

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